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Phrasal Verbs: Los 101 más utilizados

Listado phrasal verbs más utilizados

¿Necesitas ampliar tu vocabulario o aumentar tu nivel de inglés?

Pues los phrasal verbs son muy utilizados, sobre todo en el inglés hablado, y aprenderte los más importantes te ayudará a mejorar tu nivel de inglés y a entender y expresarte mejor con el idioma.

Así que en este artículo te hemos dejado una lista con los 101 phrasal verbs más utilizados por los nativos.

¿Qué son los Phrasal Verbs?

Los phrasal verbs son aquellos verbos que incorporan una preposición (on, in, under) o un adverbio (up, down, away) al final. Esta combinación, hace que el significado del verbo original cambie, en algunos casos completamente.

Por ejemplo: el verbo ‘give‘ significa ‘dar‘ pero si le añades ‘up‘ (give up) el significado sería ‘rendirse‘.

En la mayoría de los casos, un phrasal verb puede sustituirse por su equivalente a una forma verbal simple, ej. find out por discover, call off por cancel, etc.). Y ten también en cuenta, que hay casos en los que un mismo phrasal verb puede tener más de un significado diferente, ej. go on puede significar ‘continuar‘ o ‘encender‘.​

Son muy usados en el habla cotidiana y en menor medida en la escritura formal. Por eso, son muy necesarios en el día a día (si vives en un país de habla inglesa) o si estás preparando algún examen oficial.

Así que es importante conocer los más posibles, o al menos que te suenen.

A continuación, te dejo una lista con los phrasal verbs más comunes, su traducción al español y un ejemplo que te facilitará su comprensión y aprendizaje

Phrasal verbSpanishExample
add uptotalizarWe added up the bananas from the bag, now we have 10
ask forpedir, preguntar forThere is someone outside asking for you
back upreforzar, apoyarThe lecture has backed up his explanation with comprehensive data
blow upExplotarThe car was blown up by a bomb
beat updar una palizaAn attacker beat him up to rob his wallet
break inInterrumpir, entrar por la fuerzaThe burglars forced the door of my house in an attempt to break in.
break updividir, romper, terminar una relaciónThey broke up after a 7 year relationship
break outescapar, salirThe prisioner broke out of jail last night
bring upcriar, sacarHer parents died and she was brought up by her ancles.
bump intoencontrarse con alguienYesterday I bumped into my university friends in the city centre
call backvolver a llamarThey called me back for another interview
call offcancelar, suspenderIt’s snowing, the are going to call off the game
calm downrelajarseTake a few deep breaths, you need to calm down
carry oncontinuarHe carried on doing his homework
catch upalcanzar, recuperarI was off school for a week and now I’m finding hard to catch up
come acrosscruzarse (con algo/alguien)Last night I came across an old friend
check inregistrarse, facturarBefore taking the plane we need to check in the luggage
check outverificar, pagar y marcharseThe receptionist told us to check out before breakfast
close downcerrar, clausurarThe government has promised to close down the nuclear plant next year
come acrosscruzar, topar I came across with this old book this morning
come backregresarHe had to come back to lock the door
come inentrar, llegarThe favourite horse came in second
come onvamos (imperativo), aparecerCome on! We are going to lose the train
come up withproponer, encontrar (una solución)The engeenier has come up with a great solution
end upacabarThe book ended up in the bin
fall apartdesmoronarse, deshacerseOur relationship is falling apart
fall downcaerseThe cat fell down from the tree
figure outdescifrar, resolverI don’t know how this TV works but I’ll figure it out
fill outrellenar, llenarWe need to fill up this form to apply for tax relief
find outaveriguarthey are about to find out the solution
get alongllevarse bien, arreglárselasMy friends and I get along pretty well
get awayescaparseWe are going outside we need to get away from this place
get back volverI’m tired, I’m going to get back to the hotel
get offbajar de, librarseHe will get off with a small fine
get outsalir, escaparseThe dog got out this morning and we don’t know how
get oversuperarThe trip will help him to get over his family problems
get uplevantarseI get up everyday at 7 am
give awayregalarI gave away my old clothes
give incederThe company gave in to the employee’s demands
give uprendirseDon´t give up, there will be more opportunities to pass the test
go offencenderse, deteriorarseThe alarm goes off if smoke is detected in the building
go acrossatravesarHow long will take us to go across the city?
go oncontinuar, encenderseThe lights go on when it’s dark
go over repasarI want to go over the maths exercises before the test
go upsubirHe went up to his bedroom to watch TV
hang onaferrarse, esperarHang on a minute! The game is about to finish
hang upcolgar, colgar el teléfonoDon’t hang up the picture in this wall
help outayudar, ayudar a alguienPlease, help me out with the homework, there are a few things I don’t understand
hold onaguantar, esperarHold on, I’ll be with you in a minute
hurry updarse prisaWe need to hurry up if we want to be there on time
keep awayevitar, mantenerse alejadoKeep away from the building, it’s in ruins
keep fromocultar, mantener fuera del alcanceOur father tried to keep a lot of secrets from us
keep upmantenerseI can’t keep up with his pace
knock downderribarThe skyscraper will be knocked down at the end of the year
look aftercuidar, cuidar deAfter school I need to look after my brother
look atmirarI found the notebook, let’s have a look at it.
look forbuscarHe was looking for a new job
look forward topensar, anhelarWe are looking forward to the party tonight
look upmirar arriba, buscar (información)I looked up the address on the web page
make outdistinguir, entenderThe business made out better than we thought and we got a bonus
make uphacer, maquillarThe police made up a plan to get into the building
mix upmezclar, confundirThe documents got mixed up and we can’t find the ones we need
move onpasar a (otro asunto)We’ve talked enough about this, it’s time to move on.
narrow downreducir (posibilidades)We could narrow down the number of candidates to five
pass awaymorirMy grandpa had a terminal illness and passed away last week
pass outdesmayarseMy friend passed out last night, he drank too much alcohol during the party
pay forpagarI paid a lot of money for that car
pay offliquidar, dar resultadoThe hard work of the last year is paying off now
pick upir a buscar a alguien, mejorarWait for me at your house, I’ll pick you up at 11
piss offenfadarse, cabrearseIt pisses me off when he starts to behave as a kid
point outdestacar, indicarThe doctor pointed out the benefits of healthy habits
pull outsacar, salirThe government had pulled its special forces out of the country
pull overparar (un vehículo)I was tired and I pulled over on to the hard shoulder
put down anotar, bajar (algo)He put down the glass after drinking
put onponerseCarla had put down a nice dress
put offposponerThe committee can’t put off the decision much longer
put up withsoportarI can’t put up with anything he says
run outacabarse, salir corriendoThe battery of my phone has run out
screw uparrugar, meter la pataThis is your last chance, just don’t screw it up
sell outvender todo, agotarseThe new collection came yesterday and we have sold it out today
send offenviar, despedirThe referee sent the player off
set downanotar, asentarThe organization set down the regulation to improve safety
set upcrear, installarThe technician is not coming and we don’t know how to set up the installation
shut inencerrarThe town is shut in by the mountains
shut upcallar, cerrar (un local)Shut up and listen what I have to say
sign inregistrarseYou need to sign in with us before you can use our services
sit downsentarseHe sat down on the sofa
speak uphablar en alto, expresar una opiniónthe workers are aware of the situation and they need to speak up
stand byestar preparado o esperando (a realizar algo)We may finish tomorrow so stand by for details
stand outdestacarJust one of the participants stands out as being more talented than the rest
take offdespegar, quitarse una prendaThe plane took off this morning
throw awaytirar (algo que no sirve)I threw away the empty can that was on the table
throw backdevolverHe threw back the ball and scored a point
turn offapagarTurn off the TV please, nobady is watching it.
turn onencenderHe turned on the TV to watch the game
turn downrechazar, bajarThe radio was disturbing us so we turned down the volume
turn upaparecer, subirA few players didn’t turn up to the game
turn intoconvertirse enIt’s so cold that the water has turned into ice
walk offbajar, marcharseShe didn’t like the new terms and walked off very upset
work outelaborar, resolverThis formula is worked out using this parameter
write downanotarThe waiter didn’t write down our order correctly and we were brougth the wrong drinks

Apréndetelos, ya que los oirás con mucha frecuencia y en cuanto puedas, utilízalos en tus conversaciones, así demostrarás que tu nivel de inglés ha mejorado.

Y si estás preparando algún examen de inglés (tipo B1 en adelante) o simplemente porque quieres dominar los phrasal verbs de una vez por todas, te recomiendo alguno de estos 3 libros

Todos ellos con explicaciones, ejemplos y ejercicios que te ayudarán con el aprendizaje y la comprensión.

Y si necesitas seguir aumentando tu conocimiento sobre verbos, te interesará nuestra lista de los verbos irregulares en inglés.

Y tú, ¿Echas algún phrasal verb en falta o quieres contarnos algún truco para aprenderlos? Entonces, déjanos un comentario.

Y para estar al tanto de artículos como este, suscríbete a nuestro boletín!


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